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CHIPS Articles: ONI Releases Report on China’s PLA(N)

ONI Releases Report on China’s PLA(N)
By Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Dominance (OPNAV N2/N6) - April 30, 2015
The Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) has released its report on China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLA(N)) — “The PLA Navy — New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century.”

Background

ONI’s most recent unclassified report on China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLA(N)), "The PLA Navy — New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century," is meant to educate the Navy on this increasingly important player in the maritime arena. It is the first such report issued by ONI since 2009.

This publication provides an objective assessment of the state of the Chinese navy; is not a policy document; and is not meant to convey how the U.S. government views China's activities.

China’s focus remains on preparing for contingencies, such as Taiwan and actions in the South China Sea, but it has begun developing blue water naval capabilities.

China’s navy will continue to evolve with emerging capabilities such as its development of aircraft carriers.

Why focus on China?

China is increasing its operations around the world, including participating in multinational exercises, counter-piracy escort missions, humanitarian missions, and taking a greater role in protecting Chinese citizens abroad.

As China's navy grows in capability and expands its operations, the U.S Navy will more frequently operate with and near the Chinese navy. It is therefore increasingly important that U.S. Navy Sailors understand the Chinese navy at a basic level.

Highlights of the Report

The publication highlights China's evolving strategy, operations, capabilities and leadership. It also focuses on how China is advancing its maritime sovereignty claims in the South China Sea and East China Sea.

While primarily focused on the Chinese navy, the publication also highlights the important role the China coast guard is playing in China's maritime strategy.

The report includes two multimedia vignettes illustrating China's South China Sea maritime claims, and how China's naval capabilities form increasingly sophisticated defensive layers as a potential adversary nears China. Also included are three posters: China Equipment; Leadership Structure; and PLA(N) and Maritime Law Enforcement Agency Recognition Guide.

Facts and Figures

  • The PLA(N) currently consists of over 300 surface combatants, submarines, amphibious ships, and anti-ship cruise missile equipped patrol craft.
  • China's maritime law enforcement agencies now have more ships than Japan, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines combined.
  • The PLA(N) has continuously operated counter-piracy escort missions in the Gulf of Aden for more than six years.

The publication, videos and graphics can be viewed and downloaded via www.oni.navy.mil/Intelligence_Community/china.html.

SINGAPORE STRAITS (April 30, 2015) Chief Gunner's Mate Thomas Harris, right, and Quartermaster 3rd Class Richard Rogge, both attached to the U.S. 7th Fleet flagship USS Blue Ridge (LCC 19), watch the sunrise as the ship arrives in the Republic of Singapore. Blue Ridge is on patrol strengthening and fostering relationships within the Indo-Asia Pacific region. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Liz Dunagan
SINGAPORE STRAITS (April 30, 2015) Chief Gunner's Mate Thomas Harris, right, and Quartermaster 3rd Class Richard Rogge, both attached to the U.S. 7th Fleet flagship USS Blue Ridge (LCC 19), watch the sunrise as the ship arrives in the Republic of Singapore. Blue Ridge is on patrol strengthening and fostering relationships within the Indo-Asia Pacific region. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Liz Dunagan

PACIFIC OCEAN (April 27, 2015) The littoral combat ship USS Freedom (LCS 1) transits alongside the aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74). U.S. Navy ships are underway conducting an independent deployer certification exercise in the Southern California operating area. The exercise provides a multi-ship environment to train and certify independent deployers in surface warfare, air defense, maritime interception operations, command and control/information warfare, command, control, computers and combat systems intelligence and mine warfare. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Christopher Frost.
PACIFIC OCEAN (April 27, 2015) The littoral combat ship USS Freedom (LCS 1) transits alongside the aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74). U.S. Navy ships are underway conducting an independent deployer certification exercise in the Southern California operating area. The exercise provides a multi-ship environment to train and certify independent deployers in surface warfare, air defense, maritime interception operations, command and control/information warfare, command, control, computers and combat systems intelligence and mine warfare. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Christopher Frost.
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