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CHIPS Articles: April 30, 1798: Congress Establishes Department of the Navy

April 30, 1798: Congress Establishes Department of the Navy
Act established the Department of the Navy as a separate cabinet department. Previously, naval matters were under the cognizance of the War Department.
By CHIPS Magazine - April 30, 2015
Today, April 30, 2015, the Navy Fact File contains descriptions of the roles and characteristics of Navy assets.

Status of the Navy

Navy Personnel

  • Active Duty: 325,859
  • Officers: 53,442
  • Enlisted: 267,999
  • Midshipmen: 4,418
  • Ready Reserve: 107,055 [As of Feb 2015 ]
  • Selected Reserves: 58,445
  • Individual Ready Reserve: 48,610
  • Reserves currently mobilized: 2,767 [As of Mar 2015]
  • Navy Department Civilian Employees: 195,259

Ships and Submarines
Deployable Battle Force Ships: 273

  • Ships Deployed: 96 (35%)
  • Ships Underway for Local Operations/Training (U.S. Fleet Forces/ 3rd Fleet): 50 (18%)

Ships Underway
Aircraft Carriers:

  • USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) - 5th Fleet
  • USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) - Pacific
  • USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) - Pacific

Amphibious Assault Ships:

  • USS America (LHA 6) - Pacific
  • USS Wasp (LHD 1) - Atlantic
  • USS Iwo Jima (LHD 7) - 5th Fleet

Aircraft (operational): 3700+

For more information about the U.S. Navy, go to: Navy News Service or Naval History and Heritage Command.

U.S. 5TH FLEET AREA OF OPERATIONS (April 28, 2015) An E-2D Hawkeye, assigned to the Tigertails of the Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron (VAW) 125, prepares to launch from the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71). Theodore Roosevelt is deployed to the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations conducting maritime security operations. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Anna Van Nuys
U.S. 5TH FLEET AREA OF OPERATIONS (April 28, 2015) An E-2D Hawkeye, assigned to the Tigertails of the Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron (VAW) 125, prepares to launch from the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71). Theodore Roosevelt is deployed to the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations conducting maritime security operations. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Anna Van Nuys

PACIFIC OCEAN (April 27, 2015) An MV-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft from Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron (VMM) 163 lands aboard the amphibious assault ship USS America (LHA 6) during deck landing qualifications. America is the first ship of its class and optimized for Marine Corps aviation.  U.S. Marine Corps photo by Chief Warrant Officer 4 Shane Duhe
PACIFIC OCEAN (April 27, 2015) An MV-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft from Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron (VMM) 163 lands aboard the amphibious assault ship USS America (LHA 6) during deck landing qualifications. America is the first ship of its class and optimized for Marine Corps aviation. U.S. Marine Corps photo by Chief Warrant Officer 4 Shane Duhe

PACIFIC OCEAN (April 27, 2015) The littoral combat ship USS Freedom (LCS 1) transits alongside the aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74). U.S. Navy ships are underway conducting an independent deployer certification exercise in the Southern California operating area. The exercise provides a multi-ship environment to train and certify independent deployers in surface warfare, air defense, maritime interception operations, command and control/information warfare, command, control, computers and combat systems intelligence and mine warfare. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Christopher Frost
PACIFIC OCEAN (April 27, 2015) The littoral combat ship USS Freedom (LCS 1) transits alongside the aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74). U.S. Navy ships are underway conducting an independent deployer certification exercise in the Southern California operating area. The exercise provides a multi-ship environment to train and certify independent deployers in surface warfare, air defense, maritime interception operations, command and control/information warfare, command, control, computers and combat systems intelligence and mine warfare. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Christopher Frost
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