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CHIPS Articles: Hoax Threats Are Serious Federal Crimes

Hoax Threats Are Serious Federal Crimes
FBI says think before you post online
By CHIPS Magazine - October 11, 2018
In the aftermath of the tragic shootings this year, there is often an increase in hoax threats to schools and other public places. Public safety is the chief responsibility of the FBI and state and local law enforcement partners – they faithfully respond to each threat.

In recent months, the FBI and law enforcement around the country have investigated a number of hoax threats of targeted violence against schools and other public places. These threats — often issued via text message or posted on social media — are taken very seriously, the FBI says. Hoax threats are not a joke, and they can have devastating consequences — both for the public and for the perpetrators.

The FBI reminds young adults that making a threat — even over social media, via text message, or through e-mail — is a federal crime since it equates to threatening interstate communications. Those who post or send these threats can receive up to five years in federal prison, or they can face state or local charges.

With a thoughtless remark on social media, young people risk starting out their adult lives in prison and forever being labeled a felon, the FBI cautions. There is nothing funny or fun about making a threat.

“The Bureau and its law enforcement partners take each threat seriously. We investigate and fully analyze each threat to determine its credibility,” said FBI Deputy Director David Bowdich. “Hoax threats disrupt school, waste limited law enforcement resources, and put first responders in unnecessary danger. We also don’t want to see a young person start out adulthood with a felony record over an impulsive social media post. It’s not a joke; always think before you post.”

In addition to consequences for individuals who issue threats, there is also a significant societal cost. Law enforcement agencies have limited resources, and responding to hoax threats diverts officers from their work and costs taxpayers unnecessarily. The threats can also cause severe emotional distress to students, school personnel, parents and the public while law enforcement investigates these crimes.

The FBI offers a few examples of hoaxes investigated and the consequences for the perpetrators:

-- A 21-year-old South Carolina man was sentenced to one year in federal prison after he sent text messages claiming there was a bomb in the parking lot of a Veterans Affairs Medical Center in the state.

-- An 18-year-old North Carolina man was sentenced to 22 months in federal prison and was ordered to pay restitution after he broadcast himself on the internet calling in bomb threats to various public places, including schools, colleges and FBI offices.

The FBI provides this guidance for social media users:

  • Don’t ever post or send any hoax threats online…period.
  • If you are a target of an online threat, alert your local law enforcement immediately.
  • If you see a threat of violence posted on social media, immediately contact local law enforcement or your local FBI office. Members of the public can always submit a tip to the FBI at
  • Notify authorities but don’t share or forward the threat until law enforcement has had a chance to investigate — this can spread misinformation and cause panic.
  • If you are a parent or family member, know that some young people post these threats online as a cry for attention or as a way to get revenge or exert control. Talk to your child about the proper outlet for their stress or other emotions, and explain the importance of responsible social media use and the consequences of posting hoax threats.

FBI warns that making threats through social media or texts is a serious crime. FBI image
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