Apr 26

Industry News

Navy Expects Big Savings From Consolidated Tasking System

Federal Computer Week - April 11, 2014

Data Visualization Army Style

Federal Computer Week - September 9, 2013

Records Dilemma: When In Doubt, Throw It Out?

Government Computer News - March 26, 2013

How Knowledge Management Helps Keep the US Attack-Free

Government Computer News - September 1, 2011

Platform Provides Collaboration Behind Firewall

Department of Defense - March 9, 2011

Knowledge Management a Key Cog in Open Government Initiative

Government Computer News - May 4, 2010

Marines Ban Facebook and MySpace, Pentagon Considers It

Wall Street Journal - August 5, 2009

Knowledge Management

The DON CIO promotes and assists in advancing knowledge management implementation within the Department, which involves supporting and promoting a community of practice, conducting semi-annual meetings and providing tools to facilitate learning organizations.

Knowledge management is the alignment of people and processes, enabled by technology, to facilitate the exchange of operationally relevant information and expertise to increase performance. KM learning processes enables the application of knowledge and better practices, as they emerge, to existing challenges.

In March 2014, the DON CIO released an updated DON KM Strategy.

CHIPS Articles: 83   News: 16   Policy: 20   Resources: 6    All: 125
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Annual Records Management Training

DTG 221313Z OCT 14 - November 7, 2014

This Naval message states that in addition to the basic records management (RM) training requirement, all DON personnel must be reminded, every year, of their RM responsibilities and that this refresher training is mandatory. View the DON Records Management Training Guide.

DON Task And Records Management Systems

DON CIO Memo - April 10, 2014

This memo provides details on a prototype design underway on a Department of the Navy enterprise-wide task management (TM) and records management (RM) system: the DON Tasking, Records, and Consolidated Knowledge Enterprise Repository (TRACKER). DON TRACKER will provide one auditable and compliant RM and TM system for all DON shore-based commands and organizations.

DON KM Strategy

DON CIO Memo - March 7, 2014

The purpose of this memo is to update and reissue the Knowledge Management (KM) strategy for the Department of the Navy. This strategy identifies goals and objectives for continued KM implementation in the DON.

DON Records Management Manual

SECNAV M-5210.1, Rev. 1, incorporated May 2012 - May 30, 2012

The Department of the Navy Records Management Program establishes policies and procedures for life-cycle management (creation, maintenance, use and disposition) of DON records. This manual provides guidelines and procedures for the proper administration of a records management program. It also contains all DON records disposition schedules approved by the National Archives and Records Administration.

Ensuring the Quality of Information Disseminated to the Public by the DON

SECNAVINST 5720.48 - September 30, 2010

This SECNAV instruction provides policy to only disseminate information to the public, to every extent possible, that is accurate, objective and has utility and integrity; and allows affected persons to seek and obtain, if appropriate, timely correction of publically disseminated information that does not comply with these quality standards. View the reporting template for the Information Qual

DON DoD Architecture Framework v2.0 Implementation Guidance

DON CIO Memo - March 22, 2010

This memo is an update to the initial DON DODAF 2.0 Guidance, which was released March 2009. It provides implementation guidance on the DON requirements for compliance with DoDAF v2.0 and its underlying data model. Enclosure 1 to the memo has been updated as of June 1, 2010.

National Information Sharing Environment Core Awareness Training

DTG 282218Z JUL 09 - July 28, 2009

This Naval message requires that all Department of Defense personnel who use terrorism-related information and are engaged in law enforcement, counterterrorism, anti-terrorism, force protection, counter intelligence, homeland defense, or counter weapons of mass destruction are to complete the Federal Information Sharing Environment (ISE) Core Awareness training course by Aug. 31, 2009. This unclassified course ...

Information System Records Scheduling

DON CIO Memo - June 12, 2009

This memo requests that Command Information Officers assist their Command Record Officers in implementing record disposition schedules for their electronic information systems.

Federal Register Vol. 67, No. 36

September 7, 2007

This Office of Management and Budget document provides guidelines for ensuring and maximizing the quality, objectivity, utility and integrity of information disseminated by federal agencies.

DON Electronic Records Management and Record Electronic Mail Management

DON CIO Memo - June 15, 2007

This memo provides the Department of the Navy policy for electronic records management and, in particular, for record and non-record electronic mail.

DON Forms Management Manual

SECNAV M-5213.1 - December 31, 2005

This manual implements policy set forth in SECNAVINST 5210.16: Department of the Navy Forms Management and Information Requirements (Reports) Management Programs. The manual specifies procedures for forms management within the DON.

DON Information Requirements (Reports) Manual

SECNAV M-5214.1 - December 31, 2005

This manual implements the policy set forth in SECNAVINST 5210.16: DON Forms Management and Information Requirements (Reports) Management Programs, regarding information collection.

DON Records Management Program

SECNAVINST 5210.8D - December 31, 2005

This instruction revises policy and assigns responsibilities for the lifecycle management (creation, maintenance, use and disposition) of information as records in all media, including electronic.

Naval Library and Information Centers

SECNAVINST 5070.2D - December 19, 2005

This instruction issues Department of Navy policy for U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps libraries and information centers. It ensures coordination and resolution of issues and challenges concerning DON libraries and information centers.

DON Knowledge Management Strategy

DON CIO Memo - October 20, 2005

This memo communicates the Department of the Navy's knowledge management strategy and identifies overarching focus areas of successful KM implementation.

Electronic Mail Records and Electronic Mail Retention Policies for the DoD

ASD NII Memo - May 22, 2005

The memo re-emphasizes DoD email records and email retention policies regarding records created or received on electronic mail systems.

Issuance of Office of Management and Budget's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review

OMB Bulletin - December 16, 2004

This OMB bulletin establishes government-wide guidance aimed at enhancing the practice of peer review of government science documents.

Ensuring Quality of Information Disseminated to the Public by the DoD

DEPSECDEF Memo - February 10, 2003

This memo delineates the Department of Defense's compliance with the Office of Management and Budget's guidelines to maintain a basic standard of quality for DoD's public information.

Guide for Developing and Using IT Performance Measurements

DON Guidance - October 1, 2001

The Department of Navy Chief Information Officer has developed information technology capital planning and portfolio management processes to assist DON organizations with their responsibilities and initiatives related to selecting, managing and evaluating IT investments to ensure they are compliant with the Government Performance and Results Act and the Clinger-Cohen Act. The Guide for Developing and Using IT Performance ...

Section 515 of Pub Law 106-554 H.R. 5658 / 21DEC2000

Public Law - December 21, 2000

This public law supports information quality guidelines.


Tentative DON IT Conference Schedule Now Available

April 13, 2015

The DON IT Conference, East Coast 2015 tentative schedule is now available. The conference will be held May 6-7, 2015, at the Baltimore Convention Center in Baltimore, Md. Please note the shift in conference dates from previously published conference information; all sessions will be held May 6-7.

DON CIO Congratulates Award Winners

February 20, 2015

The Department of the Navy Chief Information Officer is pleased to announce the winners of the 2015 DON IT Awards. ...

DON IT Conference Presentations Available

February 18, 2015

Presentations given during the DON IT conference sessions held in San Diego Feb. 10-12, are now available by request. Please submit your request by using the "Contact Us" link located in the DON CIO Information section.

DON's APQC Membership Provides Wide Range of Services

August 11, 2014

The Department of the Navy's membership with the American Productivity and Quality Center (APQC) includes access to an online research library, the Knowledge Base, which provides valuable information and assistance in four functional areas: Knowledge Management, Financial Management, Human Capital Management, and Supply Chain Management. ...

Building on DON Success; Meeting New Challenges

by Barbara Hoffman - June 9, 2014

It has been a privilege to serve in leadership positions for the Department of the Navy Chief Information Officer, including as Director of both the E-business and Investment Management teams, Principal Deputy for two very talented DON CIOs, and now as the DON CIO (Acting). Our business IT environment has evolved dramatically over this timeframe, in technology advances as well as in operational and fiscal challenges.

Enterprise-Wide Task/Records Management System Coming Soon To The Department

April 10, 2014

As detailed in a DON CIO memo released April 10, prototype design is underway on a DON enterprise-wide task management (TM) and records management (RM) system: the DON Tasking, Records, and Consolidated Knowledge Enterprise Repository (TRACKER). DON TRACKER will provide one auditable and compliant RM and TM system for all DON shore-based commands and organizations.

Records Management Refresher Training Required

January 14, 2013

DON personnel are required to take mandatory records management refresher training each year. Training for FY13 must be completed by DON military, government civilians, and contractors by Jan. 30, 2013. ...

Sea Warrior Program Increases Efficiency of Detailing and Recruiting

June 25, 2012

In 2006, the Chief of Naval Personnel requested that the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development and Acquisition appoint the Program Executive Office for Enterprise Information Systems as the lead for affordable business information technology delivery and incremental capabilities. The resulting Sea Warrior Program began operating in September 2007 with the mission of coordinating manpower, personnel, ...

Sea Warrior Program Office Supports Learning and Development

June 12, 2012

The Sea Warrior Program is the primary information technology acquisition agent for non-tactical business operations addressing manpower, personnel, training and education capability gaps, legacy systems and distance support to the fleet. The program's role is to modernize Navy human resources management systems and afloat business IT used by sailors, the fleet, and the Navy enterprise. Sea Warrior manages a complex ...

Department's KM Vision

by Robert J. Carey - November 17, 2009

Our vision for KM/IM is to, "create, capture, share and reuse knowledge to enable effective and agile decision-making, increase the efficiency of task accomplishment, and improve mission effectiveness."

DoD Releases Information Systems Certification and Accreditation Reciprocity Memo

August 3, 2009

The Department of Defense has recently published the DoD Information Systems Certification and Accreditation (C&A) Reciprocity Memo signed by the DoD Principal Accrediting Authorities - senior officials who represent the interests of the Global Information Grid Mission Areas for C&A.

Information System Records Scheduling Memo Released

June 22, 2009

The Department of the Navy Chief Information Officer recently released a memorandum regarding records management requirements as they pertain to electronic information systems. Many such systems retain information. Systems for which that information meets the definition of a Federal record must comply with certain records management policy. This includes the requirement to obtain National Archives and Record Adminis

Records Management Web-Based Training Courses Available on NKO

March 20, 2007

Four web-based records management training courses have been developed and are available on Navy Knowledge Online (NKO).

CDR Mark Bodoh and LCDR William Batson Receive DON IM/IT Excellence Award

January 31, 2007

Bodoh and Batson recieved the award for transforming the way Navy Reservists reschedule and request additional drill periods. Through a streamlined process and supporting web application, the availability and flexibility of reservists to provide operational support is greatly enhanced. In FY 2006, this equated to more than 9,000 man-hours saved.

Naval Special Warfare Command (NSW) Knowledge Management (KM) Working Group Receives DON IM/IT Excellence Award

January 31, 2007

NSW KM Working Group received the award for Superior leadership in implementing KM transformation. The NSW KM Working Group created a collaborative environment to promote knowledge sharing, significantly improving organizational efficiency and effectiveness and accelerating the NSW migration and web-enablement.

The FORCEnet Innovation and Research Enterprise (FIRE) Team Receives DON IM/IT Excellence Award

January 31, 2007

The FORCEnet Innovation and Research Enterprise (FIRE) Team received the award for advancing the Navy's management of knowledge and effectiveness of decision making. The FORCEnet Innovation and Research Enterprise (FIRE) team of the Information Sciences Department, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, Calif., developed an advanced capability to manage the execution and analyses of complex experimentation in the Navy ...

CHIPS Magazine

Carter Unveils New DoD Cyber Strategy in Silicon Valley

by Cheryl Pellerin, DoD News, Defense Media Activity - April 24, 2015

Navy Seeks Suggestions Regarding Future of Navy And Marine Corps Officers

by Naval Service Training Command Public Affairs - April 23, 2015

Game play begins April 27 for officers and senior enlisted

DISA to Sunset Defense Connect Online Service

by DISA News - April-June 2015

Happy 122nd Birthday Navy Chief Petty Officers!

by CHIPS Magazine - April 1, 2015

Schedule Available for DON IT Conference, East Coast May 6-7, 2015

by DON CIO Communications Team - April-June 2015

SECNAV Announces Efforts to Strengthen DON Innovation

by Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus - April-June 2015

SECNAV’s Prepared Remarks from Sea-Air-Space 2015

Seeing the Forest Through the Trees

by Mukesh Barot, Navy IT Service Management Office and Phil Withers, Navy ITSMO Contractor Support Staff - April-June 2015

A Multi-Part IT Service Management Novella - Part 4: “Assess for Success”

DARPA Shares Its Vision for the Future

by DARPA News - March 26, 2015

New biennial report describes Agency’s mission in the context of today’s fast-changing world, and current and upcoming areas of focused investment

Rebirth of the U.S. Navy

by Joseph Fordham, Naval History and Heritage Command - March 26, 2015

The Legendary Exploits of the Original Frigate Sailors

20-Year Project Captures Navy's Women's History

by Daniel L. Kuester, U.S. Naval War College Public Affairs - March 17, 2015

Keeping up with the Navy’s Flying Eagles

by Navy Office of Community Outreach Public Affairs - March 17, 2015

First Black American "WAVES" Officers

by CHIPS Magazine - March 16, 2015

The Story of Female Yeomen during the First World War

by Nathaniel Patch, Prologue Magazine - March 13, 2015

Innovation Cell Seeks Input from Pacific Sailors

by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Brian M. Wilbur, U.S. Pacific Fleet Public Affairs - March 11, 2015

Brainstorm with DARPA at the 2015 TTO Proposers Day

by DARPA News - March 10, 2015

Two-day event encourages proposals for high-risk, high-payoff research with potential to provide overwhelming U.S. military advantage

Athena Northwest Meets for Change

by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Seth Coulter, Navy Public Affairs Support Element, Det. Northwest - March 6, 2015

It takes a lot of courage to question the status quo

Women in the Navy Panel

by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Michael J. Lieberknecht, Navy Public Affairs Support Element, East - March 6, 2015

Women make up 18% of the Navy's total force, with more than 59,000 active duty and more than 9,000 reservists

DON CIO Congratulates Award Winners

by DON CIO News Release - February 23, 2015

Master Chief Boatswain's Mate Carl M. Brashear — the Navy’s First Black Master Diver

by Naval History and Heritage Command - February 12, 2015

SPAWAR Engineer Recognized for Excellence by National Lab Consortium

by Patric Petrie, lead writer, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific - February 10, 2015

Navy Knowledge Advances; Arctic Ocean Ice Retreats

by David Smalley, ONR Corporate Strategic Communications - February 5, 2015

DoD Releases Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Proposal

by DoD News Release - February 2, 2015

DON IT Conference Final Preparations Complete

by DON CIO Communications Team - February 2, 2015

DCO sessions offered

On the Road to an Ironclad Battle, USS <em>Monitor</em> is Launched Jan. 30, 1862

by Naval History and Heritage Command, Communication and Outreach Division - January 30, 2015

SSC Pacific develops innovative ideas with local Sailors and Marines

by Public Affairs Specialist, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific - January 30, 2015

Lt. Cmdr. Samuel Lee Gravely, Jr. becomes first African-American to command a combat ship, Jan. 31, 1961

by CHIPS Magazine - January 29, 2015

By 1976, Gravely attains the rank of vice admiral

John Paul Jones

by CHIPS Magazine - January 26, 2015

"Father of the U.S. Navy"

Chief of Naval Research To Brief New S&T Strategy at Naval Future Force S&T EXPO

by Office of Naval Research Corporate Strategic Communications - January 21, 2015

S&T EXPO Feb. 4-5, 2015

The Athena Project

by Lt. Dave Nobles - January 21, 2015

First-ever athenaTHINK event Jan. 28 in San Diego open to all Sailors

Google Launches Virtual USS Constitution Tour Experience

by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Victoria Kinney, USS Constitution Public Affairs - January 20, 2015

(Nearly) Free College Degree Possible Through NCPACE

by Susan D. Henson, Center for Personal and Professional Development Public Affairs Officer - January 15, 2015

DON IT Conference Schedule Now Available

by DON CIO Communications Team - January 15, 2015

80 Years of Excellence for the Navy Information Warfare/Cryptology Community

by Master Chief Cryptologic Technician Collection, James D. Eaton, Lead Chief Petty Officer, Navy Cryptologic Office (N9), U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. TENTH Fleet - January-March 2015

Announcing the CHIPS Magazine Mobile App!

by CHIPS Magazine - January-March 2015

Enterprise IT Solutions and Flexibility at the Tactical Edge

by U.S. Navy Reserve Capt. Joyce F. Richardson - January-March 2015

Former Deputy J6 for CJTF-HOA discusses enterprise services for the warfighter

KM is Dead, Long Live KM!

by Capt. Ramberto “Rambo” Torruella Jr. - January-March 2015

Lt. Cmdr. Ben "Prof" Kohlmann Speaks Out for Navy Innovation

by CHIPS Magazine - January-March 2015

Navy Brightwork

by Sharon Anderson, CHIPS Senior Editor - January-March 2015

Join the innovators in the Navy Brightwork group

Navy is Committed to the Joint Information Environment

by Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Dominance (OPNAV N2/N6) - January-March 2015

Navy Reserve — Ready, Innovative, Agile

by Sharon Anderson - January-March 2015

Open Data Fueling Innovation

by Philip Lee, U.S. Marine Corps Maj. A.J. Martinez and Robert P. Kozloski - January-March 2015

Salute to DON Innovators

by Sharon Anderson - January-March 2015

Across the department and in the fleet innovators work to maintain the DON's warfighting edge

SECNAV Establishes Task Force Innovation

by Secretary of Navy Public Affairs - January-March 2015

Seeing the Forest Through the Trees

by Mukesh Barot, Navy IT Service Management Office, and Phil Withers, Navy ITSMO Contractor Support Staff - January-March 2015

A Multi-Part IT Service Management Novella, Part 3: “The Measure of Success”

Shaping the IP Community’s Future Vision

by Lt. Cmdr. Santiago Martinez - January-March 2015

Supporting the Warfighter from the U.S. Naval Observatory

by Kirk R. Benson - January-March 2015

Enabling Decision Superiority

The Legendary Great White Fleet

by Heather Rutherford - January-March 2015

The Power of The Wheelbook: Three Easy Ways To Get Innovative

by Lt. Dave Nobles - January-March 2015

Virtual Wargamers Needed to Solve DON’s Data Dilemma

by Philip Lee and Robert P. Kozloski - January-March 2015

Join the discussion April 6-17

Nominations for DON IM/IT Excellence Awards Due Jan. 7

by DON CIO Communications Team - December 23, 2014

SPAWAR Technical Director Receives Presidential Award

by Krishna M. Jackson, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command Public Affairs - December 22, 2014

DANTES Celebrates 40 Years of Service

by Thom Seith, Center Information Dominance Public Affairs - December 10, 2014

Program has "played an integral part in the career success of tens of thousands of Sailors"

Pentagon Leaders Honor Excellence in Acquisition

by Nick Simeone, DoD News, Defense Media Activity - December 10, 2014

Everyone Plays A Role In The Navy’s Financial Well-Being

by Karen Fenstermacher, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Operations) - December 9, 2014

DoD Long-Range Research and Development Plan

by DoD News - December 4, 2014

What systems, capabilities and architectures could the DoD field post-2025 that will ensure U.S. dominance and shape the future of military technical competition?

NAVAIR Announces New Knowledge Management System

by AIR-1.0 Public Affairs - November 26, 2014

Energy Action Month: ONR Expands "Green" Reach in Asia-Pacific

by Office of Naval Research - October 28, 2014

Attention Sailors: INSURV Newsletter Provides Tips and Inspection Insights

by INSURV Communication Department - October-December 2014

Membership to APQC Now Open for DON Personnel

by Darlene T. Shaw, SPAWAR Chief Knowledge Officer - October-December 2014

APQC is the world’s largest online source of business benchmarks, metrics, and best practices

First Computer Bug Discovered

by CHIPS Magazine - September 9, 2014

Legacy of Grace Hopper

U.S. Navy History and Week in Review

by Navy News Service - September 5, 2014

10 events you may have missed this week in the Navy

CNO Releases Annual Navigation Plan

by CNO Public Affairs - August 20, 2014

Naval War College Seeking Papers on Women, Peace, Security

by Daniel S. Marciniak, U.S. Naval War College Public Affairs - August 14, 2014

APQC Membership Provides Full Services for DON Personnel

by CHIPS Magazine - August 13, 2014

DON IT Conference Presentations Available

by DON CIO Enterprise IT Policy & Communications Team - June 30, 2014

DON IT Conference - East Coast 2014

by CHIPS Magazine - June 5, 2014

Registration for TAD attendees closes June 13

Navy Celebrates 121 Years of Deckplate Leadership

by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Sean Hurt, Defense Media Activity - April 3, 2014

Ask the Chief!

A Conversation with Ms. Carla Lucchino

by CHIPS Magazine - April-June 2014

Department of the Navy Assistant for Administration (DON/AA) Talks About the DON Tasking, Records and Consolidated Knowledge Repository

Navy Lessons Learned Information System

by Sharon Anderson - April-June 2014

A user-friendly way to find the information you need

See it Live: Famed Nimitz WWII "Diary" to be Unveiled Online

by Naval History and Heritage Command Public Affairs - February 21, 2014

Tune in Monday, Feb. 24, 2014

Marines Tap Real-Time Information Like Never Before

by Eric Beidel, Office of Naval Research - January 16, 2014

Jan. 16, 2014

New All Hands Magazine Digital Archive Launched

by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class David Cothran - Defense Media Activity - January 16, 2014

JKO Virtual Curriculum Offers Increased Training Access for Separating Members

by Rebecca Coleman, Joint Staff Public Affairs - Hampton Roads - January-March 2014

My Navy Portal

by Sea Warrior Program (PMW 240) - January-March 2014

The Navy’s official military integrated human resources portal for Manpower, Personnel, Training and Education (MPTE) services

NAVSEA Employees Help Develop Virtual Military Transition Program

by Tammy Van Dame, Combat Direction Systems Activity, Dam Neck Public Affairs - January-March 2014

The Battle Rhythm Challenge: A Key Joint Enabler

by Lt. Col. Joel L. Houk and Michael G. Cushing - January-March 2014

American Indian Sailor in the U.S. Navy Speaks at NSWC PCD

by Jacqui Barker, NSWC PCD Public Affairs - November 29, 2013

Nov. 29, 2013


DON Records Management Training Guide

November 10, 2014

Annually, all Department of the Navy employees (military, government civilian and contract personnel) must be reminded of their responsibilities regarding records management. This revised guide provides information necessary for conducting records management training to fulfill this requirement for 2014 and 2015.

DON IT Policy Roundup for FY 2013

February 21, 2013

The Department of the Navy Information Technology Policy Roundup for fiscal year (FY) 2013 provides a summary of policies affecting IT projects and programs. For more detail, please review the entire policy at the links provided.

Workforce Competency and Career Planning

September 13, 2012

This toolkit assists individuals in developing, tracking, and managing their careers and facilitates competency management for the information management/information technology and knowledge management (KM) professional at the organizational level.

Publically Accessible Website Privacy Resources (including Official DON Social Networking Sites)

by DON CIO Privacy Team - April 10, 2012

The World Wide Web is specifically designed to be open and accessible to a global audience. While this global accessibility makes the web a powerful public information tool and enhances productivity in the conduct of daily business, it also presents a potential risk to Department of the Navy personnel, assets and operations if inappropriate information is published on DON websites. Threats to the security of Navy and ...

Fair Information Practices

by DON CIO Privacy Team - October 15, 2010

The Privacy Act of 1974 is largely based on a set of internationally recognized principles for protecting the privacy and security of personal information known as the Fair Information Practices. A U.S. government advisory committee first proposed the practices in 1973 to address what it termed a poor level of protection afforded to privacy under contemporary law. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development ...

Information Sharing Environment Core Awareness Course Instructions

July 23, 2009

The attached instructions explain how to access the Information Sharing Environment (ISE) Core Awareness course. This course is now operational on the U.S Joint Forces Command Joint Knowledge Online (JKO) web site. This unclassified course provides a common understanding of the ISE and an overview of the Federal Government's counterterrorism organizations, systems and common challenges. It takes less than 30 minutes to ...