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CHIPS Articles: Naval War College Wargame Focuses on Civ-Mil Response to Cyber Attacks

Naval War College Wargame Focuses on Civ-Mil Response to Cyber Attacks
By Daniel L. Kuester, U.S. Naval War College Public Affairs - July 18, 2017
NEWPORT, R.I. (NNS) -- U.S. Naval War College (NWC), Newport, Rhode Island welcomed to campus elected officials, business and government leaders, and military members, to conduct a wargame focused on civilian cyber attacks and their effects.

The Navy-Private Sector Critical Infrastructure Wargame brought together approximately 140 personnel, including senior executives and information security officers from private industry across 14 critical infrastructure sectors, to collect insights surrounding the impact on the U.S. Navy and Department of Defense that may result from cyber-related disruptions on commercial businesses.

"Our intent was to try to better understand what the role of the Department of Defense would be in attacks against critical infrastructure," said Jacquelyn Schneider, professor in strategic and operational research, and game director for the event. "Right now, national policies are a little bit vague. There is little understanding what the role of the DoD would be in the case of a significant cyber attack. We want to make it more clear."

The aim was to better understand the delegation of responsibilities and capabilities to defend and deter cyber threats to U.S. critical infrastructure, while building relationships between key decision makers to facilitate future cyber policy responsibilities, Schneider added.

With a focus on civilian and defense cooperation, the game may also help inform future policy.

"Private companies are going to be the battlefield for this conflict, and are already," said Senator Sheldon Whitehouse, Rhode Island, who attended the event. "Integration between the defense sector and the critical infrastructure of private entities is absolutely vital to having any success in that conflict."

Commercial sectors represented included chemical, information technology, energy, financial, health care, transportation, defense and manufacturing fields.

Simulations such as this cyber war game are valuable, according to a Rhode Island representative who took part.

"We learn the most when we actually do exercises," said Representative Jim Langevin, Rhode Island, who spoke at the event. "It helps us think through some of the complexities, answers some questions, and raises awareness. These games are valuable and can definitely help because they can be predictive. Hopefully we learn what the vulnerabilities are when something does happen."

The game focused on several areas including federal and local governments, as well as private industry. Getting a clearer picture of the role of each was one of the goals.

"Everyone agrees [cyber] is important, but not everyone agrees where to focus our limited resources. Results from this game will be used to understand what resources the DoD should focus on and what critical sectors could see the most disruption," added Schneider.

Cyber attacks on businesses need more cooperation between Department of the Navy and civilians.

"The game integrates the private sector with U.S. government and military for national cyber resilience," said Philip Bilden, chairman of NWC Foundation Center for Cyber Security Task Force. "NWC has been at the forefront of identifying our nation's cyber vulnerabilities as extending beyond our military into our critical infrastructure as a nation, which is predominantly in the private sector of our economy. Our financial system, power grids, transportation networks and other sectors are vulnerable to attack and disruption by state and non-state actors in cyberspace. This simulation exercise brings leaders from the private sector and our military and U.S. government together to work through possible scenarios to improve our collective defense."

The game may also build more awareness and help preparedness.

"The successful outcome for this cyber wargame is that when the inevitable happens, people know how to react in a timely way," added Whitehouse. "With any luck, we may learn a few things that can help us in Congress so we can try to help."

This event was supported by the Naval War College Foundation.

NWC is a one-year resident program that graduates about 600 resident students and about 1,000 distance learning students each year. Its primary mission is to educate and develop future leaders. Additional missions include helping to define the future Navy and its roles and missions, supporting combat readiness, strengthening global maritime partnerships, promoting ethics and leadership throughout the force, contributing knowledge to shape effective decisions through the Maritime History Center, and providing expertise and advice to the international legal community through the Stockton Center for the Study of International Law. Students earn joint professional military education (JPME) credit and either a diploma or a master's degree in national security and strategic studies or defense and strategic studies. Established in 1884, U.S. Naval War College is the oldest institution of its kind in the world. More than 50,000 students have graduated since its first class of nine students in 1885 and about 300 of today's active duty admirals, generals and senior executive service leaders are alumni.

For more information, visit http://www.navy.mil, http://www.facebook.com/usnavy, or http://www.twitter.com/usnavy.

For more news from Naval War College, visit http://www.navy.mil/local/nwc/.

NEWPORT, R.I. (July 14, 2017) Cmdr. Mark Hammond, commanding officer of U.S. Forces Korea, Det. 102, speaks to participants of the Korea United 2017 War Game at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport. The annual event, sponsored by U.S. Forces Korea, Det. 102 and hosted by the Naval War College, focused on familiarizing joint participants with operational-level planning specific to the Republic of Korea/U.S. Combined Forces Command. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jess Lewis/Released)
NEWPORT, R.I. (July 14, 2017) Cmdr. Mark Hammond, commanding officer of U.S. Forces Korea, Det. 102, speaks to participants of the Korea United 2017 War Game at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport. The annual event, sponsored by U.S. Forces Korea, Det. 102 and hosted by the Naval War College, focused on familiarizing joint participants with operational-level planning specific to the Republic of Korea/U.S. Combined Forces Command. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jess Lewis/Released)

NEWPORT, R.I. (July 11, 2017) Participants discuss an evolving situation as part of the Navy-Private Sector Critical Infrastructure Wargame held at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport. The war game brought together approximately 140 executives and information security officers from private industry across several sectors to share insights surrounding the impact on the U.S. Navy resulting from cyber-related disruptions. The simulation provided insights into the relationship between senior leaders of the civilian critical infrastructure sectors, U.S. Navy and Department of Defense, and federal and local government. (U.S. Navy photo by Daniel L. Kuester/Released)
NEWPORT, R.I. (July 11, 2017) Participants discuss an evolving situation as part of the Navy-Private Sector Critical Infrastructure Wargame held at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport. The war game brought together approximately 140 executives and information security officers from private industry across several sectors to share insights surrounding the impact on the U.S. Navy resulting from cyber-related disruptions. The simulation provided insights into the relationship between senior leaders of the civilian critical infrastructure sectors, U.S. Navy and Department of Defense, and federal and local government. (U.S. Navy photo by Daniel L. Kuester/Released)
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