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CHIPS Articles: Cyber teams throw virtual effects, defend networks against ISIS

Cyber teams throw virtual effects, defend networks against ISIS
By Sean Kimmons - February 27, 2017
WASHINGTON (Army News Service) -- Soldiers in new cyber teams are now bringing offensive and defensive virtual effects against Islamic militants in northern Iraq and Syria, according to senior leaders.

"We have Army Soldiers who are in the fight and they are engaged [with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria]," said Brig. Gen. J.P. McGee, the Army Cyber Command's deputy commander for operations.

Once the cyber mission force teams stand up, McGee said they're going straight into operational use.

"As we build these teams, we are … putting them right into the fight in contact in cyberspace," he said at a media roundtable last week.

The general declined to discuss specific details, but said the majority of the effort involves offensive cyberspace effects being delivered from locations in the United States and downrange.

The Army is responsible for creating 41 of the 133 teams in the Defense Department's cyber mission force. Of the Army's teams, 11 are currently at initial operating capability, with the rest at full operational capability, according to Brig. Gen. Patricia Frost, director of cyber for the Army's G-3/5/7.

She expects all of the Army teams will be ready to go before the October 2018 deadline, she said.

The teams have three main missions: protect networks, particularly the Department of Defense Information Network; defend the U.S. and its national interests against cyberattacks; and provide cyber support to military operations and contingency plans.

This spring, Army Cyber also plans to continue the cyber electromagnetic activities (CEMA) support to a Corps and Below pilot that is testing the concept of expeditionary CEMA cells within training brigades.

The 1st Infantry Division's 2nd Armored Brigade Combat Team is slated to take part in the pilot's sixth iteration, which is being held at the National Training Center in Fort Irwin, California. In the training, Soldiers will map out cyber and electromagnetic terrain in a simulated battlefield in order to defeat the enemy.

"Where are the wireless points, cell phone towers? What does that look like? How do you figure out how to gain access to them to be able to deliver effects?" McGee said, detailing the challenges Soldiers will face.

In one example McGee described, a CEMA cell could shut down an enemy's internet access for a period of time to allow a patrol pass safely through a contested area. The CEMA cell could then turn internet access back on to collect information on enemy activities.

"We're innovating and trying to figure this out," he said.

McGee also envisions cyber Soldiers working alongside a battlefield commander inside a tactical operations center, similar to how field artillery or aviation planners give input.

"A maneuver commander can look at a team on his staff that can advise him on how to deliver cyber and electromagnetic effects and activities in support of his maneuver plan," he said.

Until then, the Army has created a cyber first line of defense program, which trains two-person teams to actively defend the tactical networks of brigades, Frost said. Each team consists of a warrant officer and an NCO who are not specifically in the cyber career field, but who can still help brigades operate semi-autonomously in combat.

"[We] look at putting two individuals that will come with cyber education and tools to be that first line of defense," Frost said. "It allows a brigade commander to be able to execute mission command."

Click for the Army Operational Cyber video.

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Soldiers with the 780th Military Intelligence Brigade conduct cyberspace operations during a training rotation for the 2nd Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division, at the National Training Center at Fort Irwin, Calif., Jan. 24. The Fort Meade, Md.-based 780th was one of several cyber organizations that took part in the rotation as part of an pilot program to designed to help the Army develop how it will build and employ cyber in its tactical formations. Photo Credit: U.S. Army
Soldiers with the 780th Military Intelligence Brigade conduct cyberspace operations during a training rotation for the 2nd Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division, at the National Training Center at Fort Irwin, Calif., Jan. 24. The Fort Meade, Md.-based 780th was one of several cyber organizations that took part in the rotation as part of an pilot program to designed to help the Army develop how it will build and employ cyber in its tactical formations. Photo Credit: U.S. Army

An embedded expeditionary cyber team performs surveillance and reconnaissance of various local networks during the Cyberspace Electromagnetic Activities support to Corps and Below pilot at the National Training Center, Fort Irwin, Calif., Aug. 10, 2016. Cyber senior leaders recently announced that cyber Soldiers are now employing offensive and defensive cyber effects against Islamic militants in northern Iraq and Syria. Photo Credit: David Vergun
An embedded expeditionary cyber team performs surveillance and reconnaissance of various local networks during the Cyberspace Electromagnetic Activities support to Corps and Below pilot at the National Training Center, Fort Irwin, Calif., Aug. 10, 2016. Cyber senior leaders recently announced that cyber Soldiers are now employing offensive and defensive cyber effects against Islamic militants in northern Iraq and Syria. Photo Credit: David Vergun

Click for the Army Operational Cyber <a href="https://www.army.mil/article/182400/cyber_teams_throw_virtual_effects_defend_networks_against_isis" alt='Link will open in a new window.' target='whole'>video</a>.
Click for the Army Operational Cyber video.
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