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CHIPS Articles: U.S. Navy History and Week in Review

U.S. Navy History and Week in Review
News you may have missed in America’s Navy
By Navy News Service - August 17, 2018
This week in U.S. Navy History:

On Aug. 10, 1921, the Bureau of Aeronautics was established by General Order. Medal of Honor recipient, Rear Adm. William Moffett served as the first Bureau Chief.

On Aug. 11, 1877, Prof. Asaph Hall of the U.S. Naval Observatory discovered the first of two satellites of Mars, Phobos and Deimos, using the largest refractor of the time.

Nurse Corps Officers Wish WWII Navy Nurse Happy 100th Birthday — Five Navy Nurse Corps officers assigned to Navy Medicine Training Support Center (NMTSC) and Navy Medicine Education, Training and Logistics Command (NMETLC) visited the San Antonio Brookdale Assisted Living Facility to wish Blondina Porter, a World War II Navy Nurse, a happy 100th birthday, Aug. 15.

Academy Mids Dig Marine Corps History at Guantanamo Bay — A Naval Academy professor, a professional archaeologist, and group of midshipmen from the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA) recently spent a week conducting an archaeological survey of an important but poorly-understood Spanish-American War battle site at Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (NSGB).

The Navy on the Ground: The Naval Railway Batteries of WWI — In November 1917, Rear Adm. Ralph Earle, the head of the Navy’s Bureau of Ordnance, suggested that if the Navy mounted “several naval 14-inch guns . . . fitted with high angles of fire, and with specially formed shell, fitted with delayed action fuses,” they might be able to outrange the German Lugenboom guns, then pounding the vital port city of Dunkirk from a distance of some 24 miles. Earle added that after securing Dunkirk these guns, if mounted on railroad cars so they would be mobile and self-sustaining, could be used offensively to bombard German supply and railroad centers well beyond the front lines. Thus the Naval Railway battery was born.

NRL Provides 'Eyes' for NASA Solar Probe Mission — U.S. Naval Research Laboratory’s (NRL) Wide-Field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) launched at 3:31 a.m., Aug.12, from Space Launch Complex 37 aboard a United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket for the historic NASA Parker Solar Probe mission. As one of the mission partners, NRL provides in-depth understanding and operation of sun-viewing telescopes essential to the probe’s primary mission, which will be the closest to go to the Sun.

Meet Baba: NAS Meridian Introduces New Military Working Dog to Community — Naval Air Station Meridian is proud to announce its newest Security Forces member, Military Working Dog (MWD) Baba – a 5-year-old male German Shepherd. On Aug. 14, Baba and his handler, Master-at-Arms 3rd Class Jonathan White performed a demonstration of Baba’s attack and obedience abilities for the media and special guests. Baba has been a U.S. Navy MWD since the age of two when he graduated from the Military Working Dog Boot Camp at Lakeland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas. He has served at Naval Station Mayport, Florida, and Naval Air Station Jacksonville, Florida, before coming to Meridian.

The Merit of Purple Heart Recognition Day — America’s oldest military award is distinctive due to its rarity; August 7 is designated as Purple Heart Recognition Day.

Disaster Relief: How Can AI Improve Humanitarian Assistance? — The unique topic of artificial intelligence (AI) for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR) was in the spotlight last week, as leading minds from academia, industry and the federal government met to discuss how modern technology can help victims of disasters around the globe. The Artificial Intelligence and Autonomy for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Workshop — co-hosted by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) — took place at the university’s Pittsburgh campus Aug. 2-3.

Diving Deep: Engineering, Science Students Face Off in Underwater Competition — It was an exciting time in San Diego as nearly 50 high school and university teams from around the world made a splash at the 21st International RoboSub Competition at the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific Transducer Evaluation Center, July 30 – Aug. 3. The week-long autonomous submarine competition, co-sponsored by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) and the Association of Unmanned Vehicles International Foundation, tested students’ mechanical, electrical, computer and systems engineering skills — as well as their presentation skills and teamwork while competing for cash prizes (which go directly to the school, usually to a robotic club or program).

These stories originally published by Navy News Service during the weeks of Aug. 6-17, 2018. For more Navy news, go to: www.navy.mil/.

Placing camouflage over 14-inch Navy gun of the U.S. Naval railway battery at Thiereville, France, October 29, 1918. Photo courtesy of Naval History and Heritage Command.
Placing camouflage over 14-inch Navy gun of the U.S. Naval railway battery at Thiereville, France, October 29, 1918. Photo courtesy of Naval History and Heritage Command.

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Aug. 11, 2018) NASA launches the Parker Solar Probe from Space Launch Complex 37 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. U.S. Naval Research Laboratory’s (NRL) Wide-Field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) will provide the only images of the Suns emissions and coronal mass ejections for the Parker Solar Probe mission. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Devin Bowser.
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Aug. 11, 2018) NASA launches the Parker Solar Probe from Space Launch Complex 37 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. U.S. Naval Research Laboratory’s (NRL) Wide-Field Imager for Solar Probe (WISPR) will provide the only images of the Suns emissions and coronal mass ejections for the Parker Solar Probe mission. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Devin Bowser.

August 7 is commemorated as Purple Heart Day; General George Washington first created the Purple Heart Medal in 1782. Originally designated as the Badge of Military Merit, the Purple Heart is a military decoration presented to those wounded or killed while serving in the United States Armed Forces. Official Navy graphic by MC3 Cole Schroeder, for Naval Hospital Bremerton Public Affairs.
August 7 is commemorated as Purple Heart Day; General George Washington first created the Purple Heart Medal in 1782. Originally designated as the Badge of Military Merit, the Purple Heart is a military decoration presented to those wounded or killed while serving in the United States Armed Forces. Official Navy graphic by MC3 Cole Schroeder, for Naval Hospital Bremerton Public Affairs.

PITTSBURGH, Pa. (Aug. 3, 2018) Rear Adm. David Hahn, chief of naval research, tours the National Robotics Engineering Center (NREC) during a visit to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in Pittsburgh, Pa. Hahn was at CMU to attend the Artificial Intelligence (AI) & Autonomy for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) workshop, co-hosted by the Office of Naval Research and CMU. The workshop brings together a community of academia, industry, and government stakeholders with a diverse pool of first responders in order to accelerate the experimentation, fielding, and scaling of new AI and autonomous capabilities in support of the HADR mission. U.S. Navy photo by John F. Williams.
PITTSBURGH, Pa. (Aug. 3, 2018) Rear Adm. David Hahn, chief of naval research, tours the National Robotics Engineering Center (NREC) during a visit to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in Pittsburgh, Pa. Hahn was at CMU to attend the Artificial Intelligence (AI) & Autonomy for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) workshop, co-hosted by the Office of Naval Research and CMU. The workshop brings together a community of academia, industry, and government stakeholders with a diverse pool of first responders in order to accelerate the experimentation, fielding, and scaling of new AI and autonomous capabilities in support of the HADR mission. U.S. Navy photo by John F. Williams.

Harbin Engineering University from China takes first place in the 2018 International RoboSub Competition. RoboSub is a robotics program where students design and build autonomous underwater vehicles to compete in a series of visual-and acoustic-based tasks. Photo by Julianna Smith, RoboNation.
Harbin Engineering University from China takes first place in the 2018 International RoboSub Competition. RoboSub is a robotics program where students design and build autonomous underwater vehicles to compete in a series of visual-and acoustic-based tasks. Photo by Julianna Smith, RoboNation.
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